The Toronto Purchase Specific Claim

After more than 200 years, the Government of Canada has settled the Toronto Purchase Specific Claim with the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation. This claim was based on events that took place in 1805 and that led to the unlawful surrender of land covering most of present day Toronto. On October 8, 2010, the Government of Canada agreed to provide compensation of $145,000,000 to the First Nation.  
The Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation live near Hagersville, Ontario.
The Mississaugas originally submitted the Toronto Purchase Specific Claim in 1986. The claim involves the Crown’s initial purchase in 1787 of 250,880 acres of land from the Mississaugas along the north shore of Lake Ontario, Toronto, and land around the Humber River and Lake Simcoe. Most of the land surrendered stretches from present day Etobicoke, Toronto, and the Toronto Islands. It was not clear, however, exactly how much land the Crown had purchased. Sir John Johnson, the Chief Superintendent of Indian Affairs at the time, described the land that the Crown had purchased as “ten miles square at Toronto, and two or four miles . . . on each side of the intended road or Carrying Place" (the Humber River). The Mississaugas received a small amount of cash as well as several barrels of goods containing items such as gunflints, mirrors and laced hats. The First Nation was able to successfully argue that the land deal was never adequately explained to the band leaders. In fact, the deed was blank and was not even signed by representatives of the Crown.
So what did the Crown do to resolve the misunderstanding? The Crown decided to confirm the 1787 surrender with the Toronto Purchase agreement of 1805. The problem, however, was that the agreement was not a confirmation of the 1787 surrender. During the Toronto Purchase in 1805, the Crown took more land from the Mississaugas than it had indicated in 1787 and ended up purchasing most of present day Toronto. It seems that the Crown had not indicated that the 1805 agreement covered a far greater area than the 1787 transaction. Although the Toronto Islands were never a part of the first agreement in 1787, somehow, the Crown included them in the 1805 purchase.  
There was also a second specific claim involved in this settlement: the Brant Tract Claim. This claim was with regards to the Crown’s purchase of 3,450 acres of land near Burlington Bay on Lake Ontario from the Mississaugas in 1797. According to the claim, the Crown paid less money for the land than was promised.
Both claims argue that Canada did not provide fair compensation for the land purchased from the Mississaugas.
Each adult band member will receive $20,000 and the remaining funds will be placed in trusts for future generations.  Chief Bryan LaForme hopes to use some of the money to deliver clean water to the community. Other money, he said, will be used to improve the economy so local businesses can thrive and create employment. On June 9, 2010, the National Post also reported that the First Nation is also considering the purchase of land in Toronto.